A comparative analysis of methods for mapping groundwater pollution hazard: application to the Gallocanta Hydrogeologic Unit (Spain)

Contenido principal del artículo

José María Orellana Macías
María Jesús Perles Roselló

Resumen

Análisis comparado de métodos para la cartografía del peligro de contaminación de aguas subterráneas: aplicación a la Unidad Hidrogeológica de Gallocanta (España)


Las actividades humanas son la principal fuente de contaminación de las aguas subterráneas. Para la prevención de su degradación y la aplicación de las medidas de mitigación apropiadas, los mapas de peligrosidad son una herramienta útil para los responsables de la toma de decisiones. El objetivo último del artículo es analizar la eficacia de índices para la elaboración de cartografías de peligrosidad de contaminación de acuíferos en el entorno de la Laguna de Gallocanta. Se han aplicado y comparado el Índice de Peligrosidad, el Índice de Peligro de Contaminación y el Método de Origen del Contaminante y su Carga Hidráulica, y se han analizado las potencialidades y limitaciones de la cartografía resultante. Se han obtenido mapas precisos, sin embargo, se han observado diferencias entre los índices debido a sus enfoques metodológicos, relacionadas con el proceso de puntuación de las actividades contaminantes, el inventariado de dichas actividades y el tratamiento de factores como la cantidad y la probabilidad. En base a los resultados obtenidos, los índices han mostrado tendencia a infravalorar el peligro de las actividades agrarias, las principales en la zona de estudio. Por lo tanto, dadas las características de los usos del suelo de la zona, propias del ámbito mediterráneo, se han realizado algunas propuestas de mejora de los índices.



Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Orellana Macías, J. M., & Perles Roselló, M. J. (2020). A comparative analysis of methods for mapping groundwater pollution hazard: application to the Gallocanta Hydrogeologic Unit (Spain). Boletín De La Asociación De Geógrafos Españoles, (85). https://doi.org/10.21138/bage.2885

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