Analysing proximity to public transport: the role of street network design

Contenido principal del artículo

Juan Carlos García-Palomares
Joao Sousa Ribeiro
Javier Gutiérrez
Teresa Sá Marques

Resumen

La proximidad de los hogares y el empleo a las redes de transporte público es un factor clave en el uso final de las mismas. Una de las estrategias más frecuentes para aumentar la proximidad al transporte público es densificar el entorno de las estaciones. Sin embargo, también se pueden generar proximidad en los nuevos desarrollos mediante el diseño de la trama urbana. En este artículo se analiza el impacto del diseño de la trama urbana en la cobertura de la redes de transporte público y en su demanda potencial mediante la comparación de la situación real de la red de Metro de Madrid con cuatro escenarios hipotéticos, que representan diferentes tipos de red viaria: una red irregular de alta densidad; irregular de baja densidad, ortogonal y un viario orientado a la estación. Para ver el efecto de la trama urbana, se mantienen las distribuciones de la población y el empleo constante, de manera que las diferencias entre el escenario real y cada uno de los hipotéticos se explican únicamente por el papel desempeñado por el diseño de la trama urbano. Para medir la magnitud del impacto del diseño de la trama urbana en la proximidad al transporte público se han calculado una serie de indicadores: la superficie de las áreas de cobertura, la población y el empleo cubiertos de acuerdo a las franjas de distancia, la calidad de acceso y la demanda potencial. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que una trama viaria orientada a la estación daría lugar a un aumento sustancial de la población y el empleo en las primeras franjas de distancia, lo que genera un aumento significativo en la demanda potencial del transporte público.



Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
García-Palomares, J. C., Sousa Ribeiro, J., Gutiérrez, J., & Sá Marques, T. (2018). Analysing proximity to public transport: the role of street network design. Boletín De La Asociación De Geógrafos Españoles, (76), 102-130. https://doi.org/10.21138/bage.2517

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