Resumen : 95 vistas.

Análisis de la movilidad espacial de la población asociada a huracanes a partir de la sombra digital geoespacial derivada de Twitter

Yago Martín

Resumen

Múltiples investigadores creen que el estudio del comportamiento y movilidad espacial de la población ha alcanzado un cuello de botella debido a la rigidez de los métodos tradicionales de investigación en el campo y a la dificultad de acceso a información relevante y de confianza. La sombra digital geoespacial es una de las oportunidades más prometedoras para poder desarrollar y probar nuevas hipótesis en el estudio del comportamiento espacial, pero la aplicación de estos nuevos métodos todavía no ha sido suficientemente explorada en el campo de los riesgos y desastres. Este artículo recoge los últimos avances en este ámbito centrándose en la capacidad de la sombra digital geoespacial de redes sociales (Twitter) como un método innovador para el estudio del comportamiento espacial humano durante emergencias. Esta investigación rastrea las localizaciones de usuarios de Twitter durante el periodo pre-desastre para producir estimaciones del número de evacuados, y en los meses posteriores al desastre para estimaciones de desplazados y del impacto del evento en el turismo.

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